Categories, a software feature of MediaWiki, provide automatic indexes that are useful as tables of contents.
You can categorize pages and files by adding one or more Category tags to the content text. These tags create links at the bottom of the page that take you to the list of all pages in that category, which makes it easy to browse related articles.
Each of the pages in the Category namespace represents a so-called category, a grouping of related pages, and contains an index for the pages of its category. For example, this page belongs to "". If you open the category page, you will see a link to this page there.
When a page belongs to one or more categories, these categories appear at the bottom of the page.
The category pages themselves contain 2 parts:
- at their beginning, an optional part may contain text that can be edited, like any other page,
- at their end, an ever present, automatically generated, alphabetical list of all pages in that category, in the form of links. In fact, in the Unicode sort order.
To assign a category to a page, simply add the link "[[Category:Category name]]" to the page's wikitext. The usual place to add it is at the bottom of the page.
To link a category page within a page as a normal wiki link (without adding the page to the category), prefix the link name with a colon. For example: [[:Category:Not in this category]] (note: you can only do this in the source editor)
New categories can be created before assigning any page to it, in the same way as any other regular page.
Individual wikis may have their own top-level categories, such as Category:Contents in Wikipedia.
For a complete list of all categories which have at least one page, see Special:Categories.
For a complete list of all created/edited categories, including the ones that don't have any pages, see Special:Allpages/Category: (note the colon at the end).
Adding a page to a category
To add a page or uploaded file to a category, simply edit the page and add the following text (where Name is the name of the category you want to add it to) (note: you can only do this in the source editor).
Any number of Category tags may be added to the page and the page will be listed in all of them. Category tags placed in the sidebar, are usually added at the very bottom of the page for the convenience of other editors.
On a categorized page, categories are displayed in the Categories: box strictly in the order they appear in the wikitext.
By default, a page is sorted within a category under the first letter of its name — without the namespace. Also, MediaWiki groups accented characters separately from their unaccented version, so pages starting with accented characters such as À, Á, or Ä will be listed under separate headings, instead of under heading A.
Category sorting is not case sensitive.
The order of the sections within a category follows the Unicode sort order.
Spaces and other characters are perfectly valid.
See Help:Sorting for further information on category sorting.
Creating a category page
Categories exist even if their page has not been created, but these categories are isolated from others and serve little purpose for organization or navigation.
A category is created by creating a page in the Category: namespace. A category page can be created the same way as other wiki pages (see Help:Creating New Pages); just add "
Category:" before the page title.
To avoid extra work, try searching within the wiki before creating a new category. The list of all categories can be found in "Special pages" in the "tools" box of the sidebar.
The categories that a page is in are normally listed at the bottom of the page. A category can be hidden from this list by adding the magic word "
__HIDDENCAT__" to the category page (note: you can only do this in the source editor).
Users can choose to see hidden categories in a separate "Hidden categories" list, by checking "Show hidden categories" in the "Appearance" section of Special:Preferences.
See also: hidden categories
Linking to a category
To create a link to a category, use a leading colon before the category name (without this colon, the current page would be added to the category) (note: you can only do this in the source editor):
To change the link text, write the text inside the link tag after a pipe (note: you can only do this in the source editor):
[[:Category:Help|Help category]]→ Help category
Redirect pages that redirect to categories must also use the colon, otherwise they will be added to the category instead of redirecting.
Redirecting a category
Like normal wiki pages, category pages can be redirected to other normal or category pages. However, this is not recommended, as pages categorized in redirected categories do not get categorized in the target category. Some Wikimedia sites use a "category redirect" template to mark redirected categories, allowing manual or automated cleanup of pages categorized there.
Certain syntax issues, such as a broken image link, or too many expensive parser functions, can cause a page to be added to a tracking category. See Help:Tracking categories for details.